FACTS AFTER DIAGNOSIS

MAKING THE MOST OF HEALTH INSURANCE

It is important to thoroughly read and understand what your health insurance policy is, and what it is not. For example, you’re in a managed health care organization (HMO), you must follow their rules or you are most likely not to be covered. Beyond knowing your coverage, you have to empower yourself through communication to maximize your health insurance.

Read Making The Most of Health Insurance - PDF

DEVELOPMENTAL MOTOR SKILLS

Three-Four Year Olds

Attention span

  • 5-10 minutes

Fine motor

  • Builds tower of 9-10 blocks
  • Imitates 3 block bridge
  • Imitate horizontal line
  • Imitates crude cross
  • Copies circle
  • Cuts paper in half
  • Names 3 colors
  • Unbutton medium shirt button
  • Puts 10 pellets into a bottle

3.5 Years

  • Puts together 3 piece puzzle person
  • Puts together 7 piece puzzle
  • Comprehends 3 prepositions(in, on, under)
  • Points to tongue, neck, arm, knee, thumb
  • Pencil held in a crude approximation of tripod grasp, ma have 3-4 fingers on top of the barrel of the pencil Hand moves as one unit, no fine movements of digits

Gross motor

  • 1 footed skip pattern
  • Catches ball with arms straight, uses body to trap ball
  • Hops on one foot 5 hops

Self help

  • Uses fork and spoon properly
  • Uses straw

3.5 Years

  • Serves self with help
  • Uses napkin
  • Cleans up after spills with help
  • Dressing: Cannot tell back from front
  • Puts on shoes
  • Hangs up coat
  • Pulls shoe laces tightly
  • Unzips after started
  • Puts on coat or dress unassisted
  • Laces shoes

Four-Five Year Olds

Attention span

  • 10-15 minutes
  • 15 minutes self directed

Fine motor

  • Imitates 5 cube gate
  • Attempts to cut on a straight line
  • Copies a cross
  • Puts pellets into a bottle within 25 seconds
  • Puts together a 4 piece puzzle of a person
  • Matches circle, square, triangle
  • Strings small beads
  • Draws people with head body, eyes
  • Imitates a square
  • Counts 4 objects and answers how many
  • Knows day and night
  • Knows same and differences
  • Knows 4 prepositions
  • Cuts ¾’s of a circle within ¼”of a line

4.5 Years

  • Follows 3 commands in a proper sequence
  • Puts together 5 piece puzzle of a man

Gross motor

  • Stands on one foot 2 seconds
  • Walks 4 steps on a balance beam without support
  • Jumps forward 16” on one foot
  • 3-4 sit ups within 30 seconds

Self help

  • Dress/undress with supervision
  • Knows front and back
  • Puts on and takes off shoes and socks
  • Buttons large buttons

Five Year Olds

Fine motor

  • Touches thumb to each finger within 8 seconds
  • Colors within the lines of a small shape filling ¾’s of the shape cuts out a simple shape
  • Copies a triangle
  • Prints 1st name

Gross motor

  • 1 foot balance 10 seconds
  • Elbows slightly bent when catching ball, no weight shifting when catching
  • Catches with hands and arms
  • Skips with alternating feet

Self help

  • Dress/undress independently

Six Year Olds

Fine motor

  • Ties shoe laces independently Copies
  • Copies diamond
  • Buttons small buttons

OCCUPATIONAL & PHYSICAL THERAPY

The following tables illustrate the benefits of both physical and occupational therapy:

School Occupational Therapy

School Physical Therapy

Performance Influenced by Occupational Therapy

Performance Influenced by Physical Therapy